e-COLORING

With e-coloring, the new series of activities for children, the Educational Department brings the animals of the exhibition into your home!

We learn by painting!

•print it and

•start painting!

Each week there will be a different animal for a pleasant, calm and creative occupation for children, in 2 designs: One for younger and one for older ones.

In addition to painting, we have interesting facts about each animal.

Come to the Museum and get to know them better!


THE BEARDED VULTURE Gypaetus barbatus

 

It belongs to the diurnal birds of prey along with eagles, hawks, vultures, buzzards and kestrels

It has a particularly hooked beak and hooked claws, which allow it feeding mostly on the remains of dead animals and the marrow of their bones

It has an excellent vision, even in conditions of reduced visibility

It is the largest bird in Europe, with males being slightly smaller than females

Its wingspan reaches 2.5 meters!

It is an endangered species that lives on the cliffs of our country, mainly in Crete

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE LEOPARD

The leopard (Panthera pardus) belongs to the cat family (Felidae), together with the domestic cat, lion, tiger, jaguar, etc.

 It is a carnivorous animal, with sharp teeth and strong jaws – it is active mainly from dusk till dawn and rests for most of the day

 It has the largest distribution of all wild cats, occurring widely in Africa and in tropical jungle areas of Asia

 The dark spots on its body help the leopard hide in its natural environment (they serve as camouflage)

 It moves completely silently and can climb trees very skillfully

 It is a great runner and can leap up to 6 meters!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE BEAVER

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE FOX

Download the design for younger children : here:

Download the design for older children here:



GREEK NATIONAL DAY 25th OF MARCH

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE RED DEER

It is the largest herbivore mammal in Greece.

It lives in forests and it’s a diurnal animal (it goes around during the day and sleeps at night).

Male deer have large antlers with many branches

It has hooves on its feet and brown fur

Baby deer are born with white spots on their fur!

It’s an endangered species

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE SQUIRREL

 

It’s a very characteristic forest rodent.

It has a long bushy tail that stays folded up its back.

It climbs trees with a remarkable speed

Squirrels eat acorns, hazelnuts, fruit and mushrooms.

In Autumn, squirrels store food, in order to survive during winter, when food is rare.

In Greece it mainly lives in northern and western parts of the country.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE ALPINE CHAMOIS

 

It is found in meadows and forests but also steep ravines and cliffs on Greek mountains

It is a herbivorous animal that lives from 14 to 20 years

It is slightly larger than a goat, having a white head and brown body

Its feet have hard, though flexible hooves that give it a firm grip

Both males and females have horns.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE HEDGEHOG

It is a small, mostly nocturnal mammal

Its body is covered by hard spinessnails, small bir

It feeds on insects, worms, ds, frogs, lizards and fruit

In order to protect itself from predators, the hedgehog curls into a small, spiny ball

In the winter, when it’s too cold and there isn’t enough food to survive, the hedgehog hibernates.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE ROBIN

This is the bird starring in all Christmas cards!

We recognize it by his characteristic orange breast.

Despite its small size, it has a particularly aggressive behavior on the ground

It has a very beautiful chirp, which can be confused with the nightingale’s

While it lives in the forest, we often see it in gardens and parks looking for food

It is related to the nightingale, the sparrow and the blackbird.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:

[


THE WILD RABBIT

An herbivore mammal which is found all over Greece.

It is smaller than the hare, with smaller and more rounded ears with brown tips

It digs underground burrows with many galleries and branches, in which it sleeps and gives birth to its young.

In case of danger, the wild rabbit taps the ground using its hind limbs, to alert the rest of the group, which disappear inside the underground burrow.

It is active mainly during dusk and night.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE WOODPECKER

The woodpecker is a bird that lives in Greece

It belongs to the forest birds – it prefers to spend time on tree trunks

Two of its toes are turned backwards and the other two forwards. This enables woodpeckers to hook onto tree branches

With its long and strong beak, it can easily find its food in the wood where it digs holes

It hits the trunk of trees hard – it can hit a tree trunk 10,000 times a day!

It is a useful bird to farmers, because it eats many harmful worms

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE BAT

It’s a nocturnal mammal that looks like a winged mouse, however it is not related to mice and rodents in general.

It’s the only mammal capable of true flight, due to a thin membrane between the fingers of its forelimbs

It usually hibernates during winter- this hibernation may last up to 2.5 months!

During day time when it rests, but also during hibernation, the bat hangs upside down, wrapping its “wings” around its body like a blanket!

It gives birth to a single pup in spring and the mother carries it until it can fly on its own!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE SEAHORSE

It is a fish whose head resembles a horse’s head, which is why we call it a sea horse

It swims in an upright position, very slowly and is often caught by the algae with its tail

The female lays the eggs in a pouch on the male’s abdomen, so the male is the one who ultimately “give birth” to the young!

He doesn’t have a stomach – food passes in and out of his body, so he has to eat constantly to survive!

A seahorse can eat up to 3000 tiny shrimps a day!

Sea horse can change color to hide and protect itself from its enemies (camouflage)

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE BROWN BEAR

Omnivorous mammal, which is found in northern Greece, especially in the mountains of Pindos and Rodopi.

It is the second biggest bear species in the world, after the polar bear!

In autumn, it can walk hundreds of kilometers searching for food!

It hibernates during winter time, waking up in spring, when food is abundant. While hibernating, it burns its stored fat.

Bear cubs weigh just 200-300 grams at birth time!

Normally it doesn’t attack humans. It might do it, only if it senses danger for itself or its cubs.

It is considered as an endangered species, protected by an organization called Arcturos.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE CHAMELEON

This is a distinctive reptile, a type of lizard that lives exclusively on trees, we can also find it in Greece

It moves very slowly and uses its legs and tail to climb

His eyes move independently. Therefore, a chameleon can look in two different directions at the same time

Its tongue is longer than its body and sticky – so it spreads it out very quickly and grabs insects

It has the ability to change color depending on its environment and mood (camouflage) – thus protecting itself from its enemies

He can stay camouflaged for a whole day!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE PELICAN



Its name comes from an ancient Greek word that means “axe”

It is a very large seabird characterized by its long and wide beak, having a huge pouch at its lower side, which is used to catch fish and drain water before drinking it

Females lay 3-5 eggs every year and hatch them for a month

Upon birth, pelican chicks are black and featherless

After about a week, the chicks are able to put their heads into their parents’ pouches and feed themselves!

Pelican parents continuously care for their chicks, which is why in ancient Greece pelicans were the symbol of a mother’s affection and commitment 

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE CICADAS

An insect that we meet and hear mainly during summer

It feeds on the juice of shoots, which it pierces helped by a small “proboscis”

The larva that hatches from the egg can live underground for many years – from 4 to 13, even 17, depending on the species!

Once they emerge above ground, adult individuals do not live more than 6 weeks!

The sound we hear derives from a sound device between its chest and abdomen, which looks like two small drums with a string in the middle

In order to withstand the noise from its “singing” as cicadas produce the loudest sound of all insects, it disables its own auditory canal, preventing damage to its hearing

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE BUTTERFLY Parnassius apollo:

This is a rare and large mountain butterfly, usually found in high altitudes, far more present over 1.000 meters

Its scientific name comes from the Greek Olympian god Apollon.

It only reproduces once- its eggs tolerate the cold and the small caterpillars emerge in spring

The patterns on its wings look like eyes, confusing its predators and therefore offering the butterfly protection

It is usually found on a specific plant that offers this butterfly a really bad taste, therefore most predators avoid consuming it!

It is usually captured by collectors due to its pretty pattern, and as a result, it has become an endangered species

 

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


 THE HERMITE CRAB

Unlike other crabs, it has a soft belly, so it needs to hide in empty shells to protect its fragile parts

As a hermit crab grow, it requires a larger shell, so it claims it, even if there is an animal alive inside the new shell.

It often lives together with parasites, such as the parasitic anemone, which sticks to the shell, providing protection with its antennae, which work like stingers!

In Greece we often find very small hermits, but there are also larger ones

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE CORAL

Primitive sea animals that look like a flower, that’s why they are called Anthozoa (anthos in Greek meaning flower)

It lives in large colonies, consisting of millions of identical polyps (tiny invertebrate animals that look like sea anemones)

It secretes calcium carbonate and forms a hard skeleton

They usually cohabitate with single-celled algae (called zooxanthelles) that help them form their skeleton and give them their characteristic red color.

It reproduces by releasing vast amounts of eggs in the water, which is very impressive to watch

Corals are rather sensitive to changes in water temperature, as well as the increase of carbon dioxide

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE RHINOCEROS

It is a large herbivorous mammal – it is found in Africa and Asia

Its name in Greek means “horned nose” – it can have one or two horns, depending on the species

The front horn is larger and it is used to dig to find water and plants

It likes to roll in the mud – this is how he manages to cool off and protect his skin from the very strong sun

The baby rhino can run three days after birth!

It is an endangered species! People in Asia kill rhinos for their horns – they grind them into powder, which they use for medicine!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE GREEN-HEAD DUCK

It is usually found in rivers and lakes

It’s an omnivorous bird, eating almost everything, from seeds and aquatic plants to sea invertebrates, insects and worms

It has a membrane between its fingers, called web, that helps it swim faster in the water and makes its legs look like… flippers!

Males and females have different colours: the male is green-headed and more brightly coloured, whereas the female is brown

It carefully builds a protected nest that serves as an actual cote

Females, after laying eggs, are very protective of both the eggs and the chicks after they hatch

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE GOLDEN EAGLE

Also considered as the king of birds

The strongest bird of prey found in Greece

It mainly feeds on birds and small mammals, such as hares, but also reptiles, such as turtles

It can lift and carry up to 7 kg, helped but his strong claws, called talons!

It has plumage even on its feet – it looks like he’s wearing winged boots

Golden eagles usually mate for life

The chicks stay in the nest for 11 weeks and are cared for by the parents

Golden eagles are fairly long-living birds in natural conditions if they survive their first few years

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE FROG

It’s an amphibian, which means that it lives both on land and in the water!

Its hind legs are larger than the front ones and have membranes between the fingers. This enables the frog to swim faster in the water and jump around on land.

Frogs mostly feed on worms and insects they capture using their long tongue.

They croak during the breeding season, but also during the night, all-year long, when there is a lot of humidity.

It has smooth skin covered in mucus, to keep it moist.

Some species have poisonous skin. These are distinguished by their bright colors

The largest frog species is the African Goliath frog, with a body length of 30 cm!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE LADYBIRD

It belongs to the beetles order

It is usually red with small black spots

It is a very useful insect to farmers, because it feeds on aphids and other small insect pests, harmful to cultivated plants

Due to its vivid color, it is not attractive to predators

When it feels threatened, it releases a foul-tasting liquid

It can eat around 5,000 aphids during its lifespan, which usually goes from 4 to 7 weeks.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE KANGAROO

This marsupial mammal is the symbol of Australia

The pouch, an external “pocket” on the female’s belly, is used to transfer the baby kangaroo (joey)

Joeys are born the size of our pinky finger and climb inside the pouch- they stay there for several months, until they are old enough to walk on their own.

Kangaroo mothers help their joeys find the way to the pouch by licking their belly hair to form a “map” to the pouch.

Kangaroos do not have dens, they roam around freely and jump as high as 6-8 meters!

Their long tail helps them balance- if it doesn’t touch the ground, they cannot jump!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE BOA

Like all snakes, it belongs to the reptile family – its entire body having a huge spine

It has no venom, but squeezes its prey until it suffocates and then swallows it in all at once!

When a boa constrictor eats a large animal, it can take several days to digest it

It feeds on any mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian can fit in its mouth – it also likes eggs

It is ovoviviparous, meaning the eggs remain in the mother’s body and live young are born, which are independent soon after birth

It is a solitary animal, which has a lifespan of 20 to 30 years.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE QUETZAL

Colorful bird with striking feathers and a long tail, which lives in the rainforests of Central America

Its name derives from the word “quetzalli” that means valuable.

This name was given to it because its feathers were considered even more valuable than gold and were worn only by kings and priests.

It is the symbol of freedom, as this bird cannot live in captivity.

It is an endangered species, as it is hunted for its beautiful feathers

However there are laws that protect quetzals from being hunted and captured.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


ΤHE KOALA BEAR

It is a marsupial mammal (the female has a pouch for the baby, called marsupial), it lives in Australia and resembles a teddy bear

The leaves of Eucalyptus make up most of its diet – this is how it gets all the water it needs to live

Koalas sleep up to 20 hours a day, on a tree!

The female gives birth to a tiny cub, weighing only half a gram!

The baby koala stays in its mother’s pouch for 6 months, where it grows up drinking milk. Then, for another 6 months, its mother carries it on her back, teaching it to feed on Eucalyptus leaves.

Koalas have fingerprints, which in fact are very similar to humans!

 

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE NAUTILUS

It’s an invertebrate animal that belongs to the same family as octopuses, squids and cuttlefish.

It first appeared 500 million years ago – however today there are very few nautiluses left.

Its shell looks like a snail’s shell and consists of many smaller parts called chambers.

The soft part of the nautilus looks like an octopus and is found on the outer chamber, which is the biggest of all.

The rest of the chambers help the nautilus swim in the sea: in order to sink to the bottom, it fills them with water, making it heavier- when it needs to come to the surface, it empties the water, so it becomes lighter and rises up.

Humans made the submarines, based on the way the nautilus swims, which is why the first submarine was named “Nautilus”

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE DRAGONFLY

A very well-known flying insect with large eyes and a long narrow abdomen, also known as a chopper

It lives near lakes and rivers and is often brightly colored

It is an agile flyer, reaching 80 km per hour!

Like all insects, it has compound eyes, made up of many smaller hexagon-shaped ones, called ommatidia, which cover almost the whole surface of its head

The dragonfly has 5,000 ommatidia in each compound eye, which makes 10,000 eyes!

Dragonflies live since the time of the Dinosaurs and were quite larger back then

They live in a larva stage about 2 years in the water – and in an adult stage for only 1 month.

 

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE GIRAFFE

This is the tallest animal in the world! It has a very long neck, the male giraffe reaching a height of 5.5 meters, which is about the size of a two-store building

It is an African mammal: it gives birth to baby giraffes and breastfeeds them (gives them milk)

Its gestation lasts 15 months. Upon birth, baby giraffes are 1,5m tall, which is about the same height as a 12-year-old child!

It can last many days without water. It needs to drink really fast, as it is vulnerable to predators while bending down for water.

It sleeps very few hours a day

It has a very long, blue tongue, reaching a length of 45 cm!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE EAGLE OWL

It is the largest species among owls, females being larger than males, with a particularly large wingspan reaching close to 2 meters!

It has two small feathers on its head, which look like ears – these distinguish it from its…cousin, the owl

It is a nocturnal predator, with silent flight, but also an amazing hearing, which allow it to eat, mainly mice, small reptiles, amphibians and birds

It can turn his head 270 degrees! So he can see almost everywhere without moving!

About twelve hours after eating, it spits out a “ball” of undigested hair, feathers and bones, known as a pellet.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE MUSK OX

It is a herbivore mammal with wide hooves on its feet so as not to sink in the snow.

It’s native to the arctic areas, where it is extremely cold all year long.

It lives in herds with one male and many females.

Musk ox has the longest hair among all mammals!

Its fur keeps it warm and can withstand extreme cold, even in-40ο C!

Its name “musk ox” derives from the musky scent it has during mating season, that helps males attract the females.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE HOOPOE

One of the most widespread birds of Greece.

It is recognizable from its special tall erectile “crest” ! When open, it is fan-shaped

Its scientific name, Upupa epops, is … the sound of its voice

One can meet hoopoes in forests, savannahs and meadows – they feed mainly on insects, but also worms or snails

They spend most of the daytime on the ground – they are strong runners

They take out a liquid that smells very bad, and smear themselves with it, so that their enemies stay away!

Hoopoes raise and lower their plume for various reasons, and like to “sunbathe” and preen their plumage.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE ABALONE

It is an invertebrate animal – its shape looks like the inside part of a human ear, therefore it is also called “sea ear or ear shell”

Its inner surface consists of many different iridescent colours that make it very impressive!

It can reach the weight of 2 kilograms and lives up to 30 years!

It mostly clings solidly on rocks and monitors the space around it using its ciliary antennae.

It is a herbivore animal and its greatest predator is the octopus 

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


ΤΗΕ TRICERATOPS

It is a dinosaur that lived during the end of the Mesozoic Era (about 200 to 60 million years ago)

It was an herbivorous dinosaur that walked on 4 legs – the largest horned dinosaur

Its name: Triceratops, is Greek, and it derives from his 3 horns: two above his eyes and a smaller one on his nose

Its greatest enemy was the Tyrannosaurus Rex

It lived with other triceratops, in a group (herd) and when an enemy approached, the adults formed a circle around the young to protect them

It is considered an aggressive animal of its time

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE MISTLETOE

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE PARTRIDGE

It belongs to the same group as pheasants, quails, hens and peacocks.

It feeds on seeds, nuts, worms and insects- to aid digestion, it also consumes gravels (small stones).

It flies only when in danger- actually it flies close to the ground, using rapid flutters, just like hens.

It is known to chirp early in the morning and late afternoon.

It lays eggs in spring  the mothers protect and care for their chicks, which follow their mothers everywhere.

It cannot bear the cold, but it loves warm days and enjoying the sun for hours.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE MONK SEAL

It is an endangered aquatic mammal of our planet

The shape of its body helps the seal to move through the water – its hind legs, almost joined together, look like a strange tail!

It moves and hunts its food (mainly fish, octopuses and crabs) near the coasts

It can make long dives lasting 5-10 minutes, (rarely 15 minutes) at a depth of 30 – 40 meters!

The female gives birth to 1 – 2 cubs that are ready to swim from the 4th day of their life!

Monk seals are found in caves in the Mediterranean sea and in Greece, especially in the Aegean sea, in Skopelos and Alonissos.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE STAG BEETLE


It’s an insect that belongs to the beetles (Coleoptera), a group with a hard front pair of wings that forms a structure like a shell, protecting the body.

Its scientific name (Lucanus cervus) means that the male’s mandibles (mouthparts) look like the deer (Cervus elaphus) antlers

Males use their impressive mandibles to fight other males during mating season.

Males are about 6 cm long, while females are a bit smaller.

They normally live in oak forests and females lay their eggs inside tree trunks.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE TIGER

It is the largest living cat species. The male reaches the length of 3 meters (tail included) and its weight can reach 300 kg!

It is the only cat that cannot climb trees due to its weight

Although it is a large animal, it is a very flexible one – it walks quickly and quietly

It is a strong swimmer and makes amazing long dives!

Each tiger has unique stripes (like a fingerprints) and thus stands out from the rest. The stripes, in addition to its fur, are also present on its skin.

While hunting, it rushes at its victims from a very short distance, usually while they are drinking water.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE MOTH



It is also called “giant peacock moth” (Saturnia pyri)

It is the largest moth in Europe, with a wingspan reaching up to 17 cm!- it also lives in Greece

Its wing patterns look like the “eyes” on peacock wings – they protect it from predators, by creating the illusion of a much bigger animal.

Its caterpillars are green, up to 10cm long. They have hair and little spines that protect them from predators.

It has small populations and it’s a very rare moth to encounter, because it is active only at night.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE LAND TURTLE

It is a reptile with 4 legs, its body being protected by the shell, called carapace, which is attached to its skeleton!

It lives for many years, while the oldest turtle we know is 176 years old!

It has no teeth and cuts its food with its pointed snout

It has strong legs with claws, which help the turtle dig the soil

It might hibernate for several months, especially in very cold weather

The female lays its eggs in the summer. Hatchlings dig themselves out of the nest and find safety in vegetation without parental care

Turtles firstly appeared on Earth about 200 million years ago!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


 THE STORK

It’s a tall, black and white bird with long red legs and a long, red, pointy beak.

It prefers to build its nest high: on trees, rooftops or housetops.

Male storks carry sticks and anything that is “needed” to build the nest, while females place them to form the nest.

They mate for life. Once they form a family, one of the parents always stays in the nest to care for the chicks and protect them.

They are so quiet, that people believed they were mute! However, on rare occasions, they might hoot or whistle.

It’s a migrating bird, which means it leaves at the end of the summer in order to spend the winter in warmer areas. They always travel in flocks.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE STARFISH

 

It is a marine invertebrate animal – has no bones – it has 5 arms and is star shaped

Sea stars are found in various colors like bright red, orange, yellow and violet

They often use camouflage to disguise their appearance, usually to blend in with their surroundings

Although sea star is a relative of the sea urchins, it can also eat them!

In some sea stars, if one of the arms is cut off, they have the ability to regenerate the lost arm and can regrow an entire new limb given time

Its mouth is located at the bottom of its body. It digests by turning its stomach outside its body! This is the reason it can eat larger animals than itself

A few starfish have more than 5 arms – there have been observed even starfish with 50 arms!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE CROCODILE

It’s a carnivorous reptile with short legs and many sharp teeth.

It has vertical slit-shaped pupils, which indicate that it is a nocturnal animal.

It has a long and strong tail that helps it swim very fast.

It spends most of his lifetime lurking in the water, until an animal approaches to drink. It then jumps and attacks it.

Its ears and nostrils are closed while the crocodile is in the water or underwater

Crocodiles are mainly found in tropical climates, both in saltwater and in freshwater.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE BABOON

 

It is a primate found in the African savannah

It is an omnivore, which means it feeds on … anything!

Baboons really enjoy playing and often ‘steal’ food from others and store it in their cheeks so they don’t lose it

They usually climb trees to eat

They don’t hesitate to attack large carnivores

They open their mouth to show their large fangs, in order to frighten their hunters and other baboons

Baboon is a social animal – it usually lives in groups of 40-80 individuals.

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:


THE CRAB

Crabs are crustaceans – they belong to the same family as lobsters and shrimps.

They have 10 legs, of which the front 2 have pincers, to catch food and protect the animal.

The body is covered by a hard shell, while it has no bones.

Crabs walk sideways, we often see them on rocks.

The female uses the abdomen as a case to carry its eggs.

Crabs vary in size. They range from a few centimeters to several meters, such as the giant Japanese crab that reaches, with outstretched legs, 3.5 meters!!

Download the design for younger children here:

Download the design for older children here:



Newsletter

Subscribe to our email newsletter to receive updates on the latest news.

Read the Privacy Policy.