Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables

Cabbage

Cabbage is a leafy green, pale green or purple plant grown as a biennial vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads. It is closely related to broccoli and cauliflower

A cabbage generally weighs between 500 and 1,000 grams. Smooth-leafed, firm-headed green cabbages are the most common ones

Type (herbs, bushes, trees): Herb

Maximum height: 40 – 60 cm the 1rst year, 1,5 m. the 2nd year

Light preferences (shade, sun): Full sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): Often and in small amounts, keep the soil moist

Soil preferences (type): Rich in nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium

Flower colour: White and yellow

Sowed in (month of the year): March to August

Cold tolerance (low- high): Quite high, but not in the frost

Heat tolerance (low – high): Ideally it needs 20-26˚ C

Cabbage’s secrets

· Cabbage was most likely domesticated somewhere in Europe before 1000 BC.

· It was also employed by European sailors to prevent scurvy during long ship voyages at sea.

· Cabbage can be prepared in many ways: It can be pickled, steamed, roasted, sautéed, braised, or eaten raw, as a salad. Raw cabbage is a rich source of vitamin K, vitamin C, and dietary fiber.

· In Greece, cabbage is used for “dolmades”, as its big leaves, when steamed are used to envelop minced meat. It is very well-known and very tasty dish, served with egg- lemon sauce.

. Many European and Asiatic names for Cabbage derive from the Celto-Slavic root cap, meaning “Head”

….and the Cabbage’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and glue this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the Cabbage you planted!

This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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PEPPER

Pepper cultivation is well known since ancient times. Peppers have a wide variety of colors, and flavors. Some peppers are sweet, some more spicy and some are really hot!

The pepper fruit occurs in large variety of shapes, from narrow, small conical, to large and bulky ones.

Peppers can be grilled, stuffed with cheese, rice or minced meat. They are a well-known ingredient of the famous Greek cottage salad (horiatiki). One can find peppers pickled, as an appetizer, in sauces, in soups, served with meat or seafood, or as a base for several spices.

Plant label: common name Pepper

Type (herb, bush, tree)

herb

Maximum height

Up to 75 centimeters when well supported

Light preferences (shade, sun)

Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot)

Its roots must be moist

Soil preferences (type)

Rich in nutrients

Flower color

White

Sowed in (month of the year)

Springtime

Cold tolerance (low- high)

Low – it is damaged below 12οC

Heat tolerance (low – high)

High

Pepper’s secrets:

  • It comes from Mexico. Columbus brought it from America to Europe.
  • Pepper is a key ingredient in Mexican cuisine, but is also used in all national cuisines.
  • Pepper takes its name from the Spanish pimento which means pepper.
  • There are 50 different types of pepper (sweet and hot).
  • Its fruit is cut when it is still green. If we let it ripen further, it turns yellow or even dark red.
  • In countries with very warm climate, people eat a lot of hot pepper, as it makes the body sweat and thus, helps to lower its temperature.
  • It has vitamin A and C. Hot peppers give us paprika, chili, cayenne, bucovo. They are also the basis for tabasco hot sauce.
  • Hot peppers burn us a lot because they contain a chemical substance called capsaicin.

and the Pepper’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and glue this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the Pepper you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

Beneath you will find the labels of Pepper and Chily Pepper


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CORN

Who hasn’t eaten popcorn, out of a big cardboard box, while watching a cinema movie?

Corn derives from Mexico, where it has been used as food for humans since ancient times.

Today it is cultivated all over the world, with the largest production in America.

It is a tall annual plant that reaches up to the height of 3 meters!

It has long narrow green leaves and is cultivated for its yellow seeds, that form rows in a characteristic elongated shape.

Corn is used to make a type of dough that is further makes the tortilla, a flat pie used as bread.

Corn oil is also known. It is lighter and less nutritious than olive oil.

Plant label: common name Corn

Type (herbs, bushes, trees): Herb

Maximum height Up to: 300 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): The soil must be moist

Soil preferences (type): Plump and rich in nutrients

Flower color: Blue and violet

Sowed in (month of the year): During springtime

Cold tolerance (low- high): Low tolerance in cold

Heat tolerance (low – high): High tolerance in heat

THE CORN’S SECRETS

· In his diary, Christopher Columbus wrote that in 1492 he saw a strange new plant in Cuba. He brought this to Spain. It turned out the strange plant was… corn!

· In Greek, corn is called “aravositos”, which means the wheat of the Arabs, because it entered our country from North Africa, around 1600 AD.

· Popcorn is corn that has popped after being heated too much. Corn can pop because unlike other grains, it has a kernel with a husk that protects it from moisture and has a thick starch filling. This allows the pressure to build up inside it until it finally “pops”.

and the corn’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and glue this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the corn you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!


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SPRING ONION

One of the most popular vegetables of our kitchen, spring onion can be used in many different dishes and recipes, adding flavor to our food!

It has a pleasant taste, so it is often eaten raw in salads!

It is rich in fiber, minerals and vitamins, but low in calories, so it is ideal for those who watch their diet!

Plant label: common name Spring onion

Type (herbs, bushes, trees): Herbs

Maximum height: 40 – 50 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): Some, small quantities every 4 – 5 days

Soil preferences (type): Soft, with a good drainage

Flower color: White, white – greenish and purple

Sowed in (month of the year): Year round

Cold tolerance (low- high): Low

Heat tolerance (low – high): Low, ideally it needs 15˚ C


Fresh onion’s secrets:

· It belongs to the same family as garlic and leek

· The underground part of the spring onion is called the bulb and it is basically the dry onion that we put very often in our food!

· It is very popular in Asia, where it is used in almost all recipes!

….and the spring onion’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and glue this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the spring onion you planted!

This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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CHICORY

One of the most well-known winter vegetables, chicory can grow wild, in the fields, but it can also be easily cultivated in our garden!

It has a characteristic bitter taste, which is why it is also called bitter chicory.

It is rich in fiber, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamins, but low in calories, so it is ideal for those who watch their diet!

Plant label: common name CHICORY

Type (herb, bush, tree): herb

Maximum height: 10 – 20 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun, but short hours of sunshine

Water requirements (little, a lot): A lot, small quantities every 4- 5 days

Soil preferences (type): Rich in nutrients, with good drainage

Flower color: purple

Sowed in (month of the year): October to January

Cold tolerance (low- high): High

Heat tolerance (low – high): Low

THE CHICORY SECRETS

• We eat its leaves, either boiled, with olive oil and lemon, or raw as a salad. But very often it accompanies meat or fish, in several recipes.

It has many varieties and types: wild white, wild red, tame, Italian, radicchio and the famous stamnagathi

• It is well known since ancient times!

….and the Chicory label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the chicory you planted!

This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!


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ARUGULA

One of the most aromatic and spicy herbs, very popular in Mediterranean cuisine, especially in Italy!

It is eaten raw in salads or in cold sandwiches, on pizzas, or with pasta!

It has rich nutritional value, as it is rich in minerals, vitamins and plant fibers, while it has minimal calories!

Plant label: common name Arugula

Type (herbs, bushes, trees): Herb

Maximum height: 20 – 100 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): Often and in small amounts

Soil preferences (type): Plump and rich in nutrients

Flower colour: White and yellowish

Sowed in (month of the year): September, October and November

Cold tolerance (low- high): Quite high, to -10˚C

Heat tolerance (low – high): Ideally it needs 15-25˚C

THE SECRETS OF ARUGULA

• Belongs to the same family, along with cabbage and broccoli

• It has many health benefits, such as anti-cancer, strengthens bones and boosts immunity

• In Roman times, arugula was used as a pain reliever

• On the island of Ischia in Naples, a digestive alcoholic drink “rucolino” is produced from arugula.

…AND THE ARUGULA TAG!

Click on the link below, adjust the size, print, cut the border with scissors and glue this paper tag on an ice cream stick! Place the stick in the soil of the arugula you just planted!
Place the stick in the soil of the arugula you just planted!
This way you will know which plant it is, especially later when you will grow many plants at the same time!

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GREEN BEANS

One of the most popular summer vegetables, not only in our diet, but also in
literature and life! Jack and the Beanstalk is a well known fairy tale, and
you’ ve certainly heard the saying "a bean fills a bean bag!"
Green beans are eaten in salads but also as an oily tomato based vegetarian
dish!
They are rich in vitamins, fiber, antioxidants, minerals and proteins and are
ideal for those who watch their diet, as they are low in calories (90% water)!

THE SECRETS OF GREEN BEANS

• Its origins are from America and “travelled” to Greece in the middle of the
17th century
• Some varieties of beans give us dry beans, such as “giant beans” (called
gigantes in Greek) and black-eyed beans!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the beans you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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Melon

The melon Cucumis melo, is one of the most well-known and beloved
summer fruits. The word melon can refer to either the plant or specifically to
the fruit. Botanically, a melon is a kind of berry, specifically a "pepo". The fruit
of the melon plant is related to cucumber, zucchini, squash and watermelon,
belonging to the very large family of Cucurbitaceae
There are many varieties of melons, which differ in:
• shape: round or oval,
• skin: thick or thin,
• color of the skin: yellow or greenish,
• skin surface: smooth or striated,
• fleshy part: solid, juicy, soft or hard
• color of the flesh: off-white, yellow, or orange.

THE SECRETS OF MELON

  •  Melons originated in Africa, or hot valleys of Asia, Iran and India. Melons were among the first crop species in ancient times. It is
    known that melons have been grown by the ancient Egyptians
    (with references from 2,400 BC)
     Ancient Greeks and Romans cultivated melons in the whole
    Mediterranean, while Columbus brought them to America, in
    1492.
     Melon is considered a luxury item and is usually offered as a gift
    in Japan
     The two most famous types of melon in Greece are: the banana
    melon (with yellowish skin and round shape) and the one grown
    in Argos – a place in the Peloponnese, hence its name Argo
    melon (having a very long and narrow shape, with strong ridges)
     When someone has a long and narrow skull, Greeks call him/her
    Argo melon headed
     One can roast its seeds and eat them as passatembo (pumpkin
    seeds)

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the melon you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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Watermelon

Watermelon, a cousin of melon and squash, is a type of climber plant,
occuring in large varieties.

Known since ancient times, watermelon has a huge fruit, which inside is red
colored, has a sweet taste and many small black seeds.

Its very thick and tough skin is green colored, often streaked with darker green on the outer
layer, while it is white on the inner part.

The weight of a watermelon can reach several kilograms.

China is the country with the largest production of watermelon in the world.

In Greece, watermelon ripens during summertime and is considered as the
most refreshing summer fruit! We relish it in … large slices or in fruit salads.
We can also put it in a blender and make a nice watermelon juice!
In several parts of Greece, the white part of the watermelon is used to make
syrup watermelon sweet!

THE SECRETS OF WATERMELON

Watermelon contains sugar by 6 – 8%, but mainly water by 91%. Like many other fruits, it contains vitamin C.

Very often people check to see if a watermelon is good to buy by tapping it lightly around the middle: they say that if the watermelon makes a "hollow" sound it is a proof of good quality, otherwise it is not ripe.

In many open street markets in Greece, during summer, one can hear the seller of watermelons shouting "I stab them all". Meaning that he has the intention to cut a piece of the watermelon, so that the potential buyer can see the good quality of the watermelon.

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the watermelon you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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Egglpant

Known since ancient times, it is said eggplant’s origin is Indian. Its fruit occurs
in various shades of purple, from very dark ones (called flaska), to white (the
Santorini ones). Eggplant has an oblong shape and a fleshy texture with many
seeds. It is very tasty- it is used in many Mediterranean dishes. Especially
during summer, greek tavernas serve several traditional dishes, from eggplant
salad and fried eggplants, to the world famous moussaka!
China has the largest world production of eggplant, followed by India and
Turkey. In Europe, the first country in eggplant production is Italy, followed by
Spain and Greece.
Half of Greek eggplant is grown in Crete!

THE SECRETS OF EGGPLANT

  •  “Tsakonian” eggplants (grown in the Peloponese) are particularly well-known in Greece: they are long-shaped, narrow,purple with whitestripes and very tasty
  • Because eggplants are long and narrow, when we fill it with minced meatand cover it with béchamel sauce, we call it a “small shoe”(papoutsaki)
  • In Greece, an eggplant festival is organized during summer in Leonidio,
    where visitors can try many eggplant recipes!
  •  In the Peloponese, one can even try sweet eggplant in syrup!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the eggplant you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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Spinach

One of the most delicious and popular leafy vegetables!

Spinach flavors our dishes and can be eaten raw in salads, or in recipes with pasta, rice, vegetables, meat, cuttlefish and of course…in the well known Greek dishes: spinach pie and spinach rice!

It has a high nutritional value and is rich in vitamins and antioxidants.

Plant label: common name Spinach

Type (herbs, bushes, trees): Herbs

Maximum height: 30 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): It needs moisture, so often in spring and summer time

Soil preferences (type): Plump and rich in nutrients

Flower colour: Greenish

Sowed in (month of the year): October, November, December

Cold tolerance (low- high): High, even in frost

Heat tolerance (low – high): Low, it prefers coolness

THE SECRETS OF SPINACH

  • It firstly appeared in China around 700 BC, as a gift to the emperor from the king of Nepal!
  • Belongs to the same family with beets, quinoa and chard
  • Spinach has a high iron content and is thus ideal for patients with anemia
  • Due to its neutral taste, it matches well with all kinds of food!
  • It helps in the good functioning of the intestine and strengthens our immune system

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the spinach you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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Lettuce

Lettuce is used as a synonym for money. We say “is there any lettuce?”, asking whether there is money involved. Also, when we want to describe one who spends money without thinking, we say “he spreads money just like lettuce leaves”.

It is the best known green, fresh vegetable – we eat its big leaves.

Lettuce is eaten raw, alone or in salads, usually matched very well together with spring onion and dill.

In Greece we also eat it cooked in lamb dishes, or in stew during Easter time (called mageritsa).

Plant label: common name Lettuce

Type (herbs, bushes, trees): Herb

Maximum height: 20 – 25 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): Some, it needs moisture

Soil preferences (type): Plump and rich in nutrients

Flower colour: Greenish

Sowed in (month of the year): October, November, December

Cold tolerance (low- high): Quite, but not in frost

Heat tolerance (low – high): Quite, (ideally it needs a temperature of 15 – 25˚ C)

Lettuce’s secrets

It is a very well known vegetable since ancient times – was used in Greece and several other countries.

It derives from Asia. There are many varieties today, from the simple, common lettuce – what we call romana – there is a French variety, iceberg, lola, Chinese, and other lettuces, that come in various colors, from dark green to red, transforming our salads to colorful dishes.

Lettuce contains a lot of water and small amounts of fiber. Its most important nutrients are vitamin A and potassium. Lettuce is also a source of vitamin C, calcium and iron.

….and lettuce’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the lettuce you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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BROCCOLI

 

It really looks like a tiny tree and is the cauliflower “cousin”!
Broccoli is one of the tastiest and healthiest winter vegetables. It can be eaten
raw or boiled in salads, pickled, in velouté vegetable soups, even “au gratin”!

Having a rich nutritional value it is beneficial for our health and ideal for those
who choose a low calorie diet!

Broccoli’s secrets

  • The name broccoli is Italian, meaning the flowering top of a cabbage.
  • It belongs to the same family as cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels
    sprouts!
  • The green “tree shaped” part we eat is not the broccoli’s fruit, but its
    flower!
  • It’s an Italian vegetable, known since the Roman Empire!
  • One cup of broccoli has as much vitamin C as one orange!

….and broccoli’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and glue this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the broccoli you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!


Cauliflower

One of the most popular vegetables, cauliflower is planted in the summer in order to enjoy it in the winter! We could say that cauliflower is broccoli’s… “cousin”!

It can be eaten in many different ways: raw, combined with other vegetables, boiled as a salad with lemon or vinegar dressing, au gratin, in soups, cooked with tomato sauce or even pickled!

Lately, it is becoming increasingly popular as pizza crust, instead of dough!

It has high nutritional value and plenty of health benefits! It is also perfect for people who are on a weight loss diet, since it has very few calories!

 

Cauliflower’s secrets

  • We eat the white part of it, which is actually the plant’s flower!
  • It comes from Eastern Mediterranean countries, and people also referred to it in ancient Greece and Egypt.
  • It belongs to the same family of broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprouts!
  • The less we cook it…the better, as it retains higher nutritional value!

….and cauliflower’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the cauliflower you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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LEEK

A very tasty vegetable, complimenting many Greek dishes. The most
distinctive characteristic of the leek is its green and oblong leaves!

It can be sautéed in a pan and consumed plain or paired with bread, or even
in an omelet! It is also included in several Greek dishes cooked with olive oil,
such as spinach – rice, leek – rice, peas or green beans…

Leek is a perfect ingredient for winter soups, tarts and pies – it’s smoothly
combined with minced meat, chicken and bacon!

It is rich in vitamins A, B , C and K and has many health benefits!

 

Leek’s secrets

  • It’s closely related to onions, scallions and garlic
  • It was one of the main components of Egyptian and Mesopotamian diet
    since 2.000 BC, as well as the ancient Greek and Roman diet.
  • Ancient Greeks used leeks as medicine for sore throat. Τhey also
    believed that it made their voices stronger!
  • Leeks are a great source of iron and are beneficial for the heart. Τheir
    juice can lower blood pressure!

….and this is the leek’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the leek you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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Cucumber

What’s cooler and crisper than a fresh cucumber during summer, which also whets the appetite!

This is a very “humble”, simple vegetable, which we cut into salads, especially in the traditional Greek salad, called Horiatiki!

While we can buy it all year round, the cucumber is a summer fruit.

We consume it either raw or pickled.

It is an ingredient of the very well-known tzatziki, (yogurt salad) but we also find it in cold juices and smoothies during summer.

It is rich in vitamins A, B, C and K and it is very good for our health.

Plant label: common name Cucumber

Type (herbs, bushes, trees): Herb

Maximum height: It is a creeping plant

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): Its roots must be moist

Soil preferences (type): Plump and rich in nutrients

Flower colour: Yellow

Sowed in (month of the year): March and April

Cold tolerance (low- high): Low – it is damaged below 12οC

Heat tolerance (low – high): High

The cucumber secrets…

It probably comes from India.

The ancient Greeks knew cucumbers and used them in their diet.

It is one of the few vegetables that has 95% of water!

It belongs to the same group as pumpkin, melon, and watermelon.

There are varieties with different sizes, from very small (which is used pickled) to very large, which we buy by the piece.


….and cucumber’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the cucumber you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!


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TOMATO

Red, delicious, and juicy, tomato is the queen of the vegetable garden!

It is used in all cuisines, either raw in salads, with our favorite Greek salad (called Horiatiki), or cooked with fish, legumes, and pizzas or as a sauce for meats, risotto, and pasta! Tomato matches with almost everything!

It is rich in vitamins and nutrients and it is very good for our health!

Plant label: common name TOMATO

Type (herb, bush, tree): herb

Maximum height: Up to 3 meters when well supported

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): Its roots must be moist

Soil preferences (type): Rich in nutrients

Flower color: Yellow

Sowed in (month of the year): Mid-February to late April

Cold tolerance (low- high): Low – it is damaged below 12οC

Heat tolerance (low – high): High

Tomato’s secrets:

· It belongs to the same family as potato, eggplant, and pepper.

· It is a fruit, not a vegetable! Aztecs were the first to cultivate it in South America. Tomato arrived in Europe much later, around 1500 AD.

· The Italians called it Pomo d’oro, which means golden apple, and the French pomme d’amour, which in Greek was translated as apple of love. We only have the name tomato since 1835.

· In the past it was thought to as a poisonous fruit because it resembles the poisonous belladonna plant, but the only toxic part of it is the leaf.

· There are many different varieties in size (from small cherry tomatoes to large ones, often baked stuffed with rice herbs and spices) and color (red, pink, yellow and green).

….and tomato’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the potato you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!


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CARROT

This is the food of many herbivorous animals, especially hares.

One can see many bunnies, Bugs Bunny being the famous one gnawing it!

Carrot is considered as one the most favorite vegetables of young and old, with a bright orange color, crunchy in its bite and sweet in taste!

It is eaten raw, in salads, in juices, together with fruit, cooked in dishes like bean salad, and even in desserts like carrot cake!

Plant label: common name Carrot

Type (herbs, bushes, trees): Herb

Maximum height: Up to 150 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): The soil must be moist

Soil preferences (type): Plump and rich in nutrients

Flower color: White, pink and yellow

Sowed in (month of the year): February to April

Cold tolerance (low- high): High tolerance in cold

Heat tolerance (low – high): Low tolerance in heat

The Carrot’S Secrets…

· It is one of the few tasty roots that humans can eat.

· Carrot is known all over the world since ancient times.

· It belongs to the same family as dill, celery, fennel and parsley.

· While the orange color has prevailed, there are carrots in several other colors, including purple, white, green, and yellow.

· It is one of the most nutritious vegetables: it is rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants and is very good for our health.

….and carrot’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the carrot you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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BEETROOT

“You’ve blushed like a beetroot” we say to someone when their cheeks are all red!

One of the most beloved and delicious vegetables, is the red beetroot, that paints our tongue and teeth red when we eat it! This is the reason we use the juice of boiled beetroots to dye eggs during Easter!

We eat beetroots raw, but mostly boiled in salads, both its bulbs and leaves, while some people make beetroot juice!

Plant label: common name Beetroot

Type (herb, bush, tree): herb

Maximum height: 150 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): Quite a lot, so that the soil remains moist

Soil preferences (type): Rich in nutrients

Flower color: Green, reddish

Sowed in (month of the year): February to April

Cold tolerance (low- high): Quite high, but not in frost

Heat tolerance (low – high): Low, (ideally 15 – 25˚C)

The beetroot’s secrets:

. We also call it “reddish”

· It is rich in vitamins, fiber, proteins and is very good for our health

· Its juice helps lower our blood pressure, but also lowers the fatigue

· It has been cultivated since ancient times

· Known varieties are chard and sugar beetroot, from which we get sugar!

….and beetroot’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the beetroot you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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RADISH

A radish for the appetite, people say!

Plant label: common name Radish
Type (herb, bush, tree): Herb
Maximum height: 20 cm
Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun
Water requirements (little, a lot): Medium, about 1-2 times a week
Soil preferences (type): Plump potting soil
Flower colour: White or purple
Sowed in (month of the year): September- November
Cold tolerance (low- high): Medium
Heat tolerance (low – high): Low

RADISH SECRETS:

· Radishes have a strong taste and we eat them raw in salads.

· They occur in many varieties, depending on the size, color and time it takes them to ripen.

· They are known vegetables all over the world.

· They get ready to eat in 40-50 days from the time they are planted!

….and radish’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the radish you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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POTATO

Fried, roasted or boiled, potatoes are one of the most favorite foods of everyone, young and old!

Plant label: common name Potato



Potatos secrets:

  • It belongs to the same family as tomatoes, eggplants and peppers
  • Its first Greek name was geomilo meaning “apple of the earth”.
  • Potatoes grow underground, in the soil, at the plant’s roots and are called tubers.
  • Potatoes originate from Peru, where they were cultivated before 5.000 BC. In Greece, they were first imported by Ioannis Kapodistrias after the Greek Revolution of 1821

….and potato’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the potato you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!

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ZUCCHINI

Zucchini is one of the most famous summer vegetables in Greece! Zucchinis are eaten boiled, as a salad, roasted and fried and are a key ingredient in many delicious summer dishes such as zucchini pie, backed zucchinis with potatoes, eggplants, and other summer vegetables (called briami) and stuffed zucchinis (with rice, or minced meat)

Plant label: common name Zucchini

Type (herb, bush, tree): Herb

Maximum height: 30 – 50 cm

Light preferences (shade, sun): Sun

Water requirements (little, a lot): A lot, so that the soil remains moist

Soil preferences (type): Rich in nutrients

Flower color: Yellow

Sowed in (month of the year): April – May

Cold tolerance (low- high): Low, it is sensitive to cold

Heat tolerance (low – high): High, as long as there is efficient water

Zucchini’s secrets…

· It belongs to the same family as cucumber, watermelon, melon, and pumpkin

· It is rich in vitamins and nutrients, but has few calories

. In Kefalonia and Zakynthos islands zucchinis are called “baby birds”

. It derives from America

….and Zucchini’s label!

Click the photo below, adjust its size, print it, use your scissors in order to cut the outline and stick this label on a wooden stick from an ice cream! Then put the stick in the soil next to the pumpkin you planted! This way, you will know which plant it is, especially when you plant and grow different plants at the same time!


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