Our country disposes of one of the richest and most interesting floras of Europe. Its geographical position, being a crossroads between three continents, its geological history, its geomorphology and special climatic conditions make it a true botanical paradise. Ever since its foundation, in 1964, the Museum has given priority to the study of the Greek flora. The aim was to register the biodiversity of the Greek flora and to create a collection that would provide the basis for any study on Greek plants. The herbarium of the department initially included the collection of Konstantinos Goulimis with 24,000 samples he donated to the museum.

With the guidance of distinguished botanists was formed the collection group that assumed the task of collection all over the Greek geographical space. The museum’s collections are also enriched through donations and exchanges. Apart from field works, the department’s activities include classification, registration, conservation and study of a large number of vegetablesamples. Today, collections number more than 80,000 samples and are extremely significant for the classification study of flora of Greeceand of the Balkan Peninsula. They are avaluable national capital, the country’s databanks, the basis for any scientific research and application in the sectors of environmental policy, agriculture and forestry. The samples of the collections are the material from which various results may be drawn on contemporary as well as past natural environment.
In addition, they provide an excellent tool for the development of publishing and educational activities.

The database of the Botanical collection includes the data of over 70.000 specimens. These specimens are higher plants (ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms) from the Greek territory. The database also includes digital photos for 3500 of these specimens.