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Facing the challenge
Despite humans' intelligence and conquers, these are today faced with the destructive consequences of some of their actions. They have to deal with an environmental crisis, as seen through five challenges: energy, transport, natural resources, water and food. Each challenge starts with the presentation of the relevant problem. The ultimate purpose it to provide realistic alternative approaches for every visitor, in order to ensure a viable present and future for humanity and for the planet.
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The energy challenge demonstrates the excessive use of energy in contemporary world. Most of it is now produced by burning mineral materials, mainly oil, causing global environmental problems, such as inversion of climatic balance and acid rain. At the beginning of the 21st century, humans are called upon to replace mineral fuels with renewable alternative forms of energy.
Today, transport of persons and goods is made by various means: cars, airplanes, trains and ships pollute now more than ever the atmosphere, the land and the sea aggravating the greenhouse effect, with well-known environmental impacts deriving from irrational burning of mineral fuels.
Shrinking of the ozone layer, the greenhouse effect, chemical waste produced by industries, destruction of ecosystems and threat of extinction, and wildlife trade: these are all consequences of human activities.
Drying-out of rivers, floods, diseases caused by water that is not pure enough when reaching our home… these are some of today’s prevalent global water problems.
Soil corrosion, chemical substances used in agriculture, loss of genetic diversity, monocultures, overfishing, the chronic malnutrition of 800 million people: these are all food problems of today.